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PC 236.1(c)(1)

Human sex trafficking of a minor

Information on the crime of human sex trafficking of a minor is found at California penal code section 236.1(c)(1).

PC 236.1(c)(1) Law (Abbr.)

PC 236.1(c)(1) A person who causes, induces, or persuades, or attempts to cause, induce, or persuade, a person who is a minor at the time of commission of the offense to engage in a commercial sex act, with the intent to effect or maintain a sex crimes listed under PC 266, 266h, 266i, 266j, 267, 311.1, 311.2, 311.3, 311.4, 311.5, 311.6, or 518 is guilty of human sex trafficking of a minor (PC 236.1(c)(1).

In determining whether a minor was caused, induced, or persuaded to engage in a commercial sex act, the totality of the circumstances, including the age of the victim, his or her relationship to the trafficker or agents of the trafficker, and any handicap or disability of the victim, shall be considered.

For purposes of this chapter, the following definitions apply:

Coercion includes a scheme, plan, or pattern intended to cause a person to believe that failure to perform an act would result in serious harm to or physical restraint against any person; the abuse or threatened abuse of the legal process; debt bondage; or providing and facilitating the possession of a controlled substance to a person with the intent to impair the person’s judgment.

Commercial sex act means sexual conduct on account of which anything of value is given or received by a person.

Deprivation or violation of the personal liberty of another includes substantial and sustained restriction of another’s liberty accomplished through force, fear, fraud, deceit, coercion, violence, duress, menace, or threat of unlawful injury to the victim or to another person, under circumstances where the person receiving or apprehending the threat reasonably believes that it is likely that the person making the threat would carry it out.

Duress includes a direct or implied threat of force, violence, danger, hardship, or retribution sufficient to cause a reasonable person to acquiesce in or perform an act which he or she would otherwise not have submitted to or performed; a direct or implied threat to destroy, conceal, remove, confiscate, or possess an actual or purported passport or immigration document of the victim; or knowingly destroying, concealing, removing, confiscating, or possessing an actual or purported passport or immigration document of the victim.

Forced labor or services means labor or services that are performed or provided by a person and are obtained or maintained through force, fraud, duress, or coercion, or equivalent conduct that would reasonably overbear the will of the person.

Great bodily injury means a significant or substantial physical injury.

Minor means a person less than 18 years of age.

Serious harm includes any harm, whether physical or nonphysical, including psychological, financial, or reputational harm, that is sufficiently serious, under all the surrounding circumstances, to compel a reasonable person of the same background and in the same circumstances to perform or to continue performing labor, services, or commercial sexual acts in order to avoid incurring that harm.

The total circumstances, including the age of the victim, the relationship between the victim and the trafficker or agents of the trafficker, and any handicap or disability of the victim, shall be factors to consider in determining the presence of “deprivation or violation of the personal liberty of another,” “duress,” and “coercion” as described in this section.

PC 236.1(c)(1) Sentence & Punishment

Probation Sentence: A probation sentence is period of supervision instead of a prison sentence. Probation sentences carry conditions of probation, or terms of probation, that must be followed in order to avoid further punishment, including an actual prison sentence. A probation sentence for PC 236.1(c)(1) is called felony probation and is supervised and monitored by a felony probation officer. Probation sentences for the crime of human trafficking sex trafficking of a minor (PC 236.1(c)(1)) are available, but not guaranteed. Whether or not a defendant will be granted probation sentence on any PC 236.1(c)(1) conviction depends largely on the facts of the case and the defendant's criminal history.

Sex Offender Registration: If found guilty of lewd and lascivious acts on a minor under 14 (PC 288(a)), the defendant will be ordered to register as a sex offender pursuant to PC 290. For more information please see sex offender registration requirements.

Consent by a victim of human trafficking who is a minor at the time of the commission of the offense is not a defense to a criminal prosecution under this section (PC 236.1).

Mistake of fact as to the age of a victim of human trafficking who is a minor at the time of the commission of the offense is not a defense to a criminal prosecution under this section (PC 236.1).

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PC 236.1(c)(1): Human Sex Trafficking of a Minor

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 PC 288(a)
 PC 288(b)(1)
 PC 288(c)(1)
 PC 288.5(A)
 PC 288.7(a)
 PC 288.7(b)
 PC 288(i)
 PC 261(a)(2)
 PC 261(a)(3)
 PC 261.5(c)
 PC 262(a)(1)
 PC 314(1)
 PC 314(2)
 PC 288a(b)(1)
 PC 288a(b)(2)
 PC 288a(c)(2)(A)
 PC 288a(i)
 PC 647.6(a)(1)
 PC 647.6(a)(2)
 PC 647.6(b)
 PC 311.11(a)
 PC 311.11(c)(1)
 PC 311.11(c)(2)
 PC 236.1(b)
 PC 236.1(c)(1)
 PC 236.1(c)(2)
 PC 647(b)
 PC 653.22(a)
 PC 315
 PC 647(j)(4)
 PC 243.4(e)(1)
 PC 243.4(a)
 PC 243.4(d)
 PC 289(a)(1)(A)
 PC 289(h)
 PC 289(i)
 PC 289(e)
 PC 289(a)(2)
 PC 266h(a)
 PC 266h(b)(1)
 PC 266h(b)(2)
 PC 266i(a)
 PC 266i(b)(1)
 PC 266i(b)(2)
 PC 286(b)(1)
 PC 286(c)(1)
 PC 286(c)(2)(A)
 PC 286(i)
 PC 285
 PC 220(a)
 PC 290.018
Lewd acts on a minor
Lewd acts on a minor w/force
Lewd acts on a minor 14 or 15
Continuous sex abuse on minor
Intercourse or sodomy of a minor
Oral cop or penetration of a minor
Lewd act on a minor w/injury
Rape by force or fear of injury
Rape of intoxicated victim
Unlawful sexual intercourse
Spousal rape by force or fear
Indecent exposure
Aiding indecent exposure
Oral copulation on a minor
Oral cop on a minor under 16
Oral copulation by force or fear
Oral cop on an intoxicated victim
Annoy or molest a child
Molest person thought to be child
Molest a child in a dwelling
Possession of child porn
Possession of child porn images
Possession of child sadism
Human trafficking for sex
Human trafficking minor for sex
Human traffic minor with force
Agree or solicit prostitution
Loiter to commit prostitution
Keeping a house of prostitution
Distribute nude images
Sexual battery
Sexual battery by restraint
Sexual battery by masturbation
Sexual penetration by object
Sexual penetration on minor
Sex penetration of minor under 16
Sex penetration intoxicated victim
Sexual penetration by force
Pimping
Pimping a minor
Pimping a minor under 16
Pandering
Pandering a minor
Pandering a minor under 16
Sodomy of a minor
Sodomy of a minor under 14
Sodomy by force or fear
Sodomy of an intoxicated victim
Incest
Sexual assault
Failure to register as sex offender

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Riverside, Moreno Valley, Eastvale, Corona, Norco

Related Crimes

PC 236.1(b) PC 236.1(c)(2) PC 236.1(c)(1)

Sex Crimes Criminal Defense Attorneys

PC 236.1(c)(1): Human Trafficking of a Minor for Sex, Law, Defense, & Sentence Information

 
 
 
 
 
 

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