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PC 653.22(a)

Loiter with intent to commit prostitution

Information on the crime of loiter with intent to commit prostitution is found at California penal code section 653.22(a).

PC 653.22(a) Law (Abbr.)

PC 653.22(a)(1) Except as specified in paragraph (2), it is unlawful for any person to loiter in any public place with the intent to commit prostitution. This intent is evidenced by acting in a manner and under circumstances that openly demonstrate the purpose of inducing, enticing, or soliciting prostitution, or procuring another to commit prostitution.

PC 653.22(a)(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), this subdivision does not apply to a child under 18 years of age who is alleged to have engaged in conduct that would, if committed by an adult, violate this subdivision. A commercially exploited child under this paragraph may be adjudged a dependent child of the court pursuant to paragraph (2) of subdivision (b) of Section 300 of the Welfare and Institutions Code and may be taken into temporary custody pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 305 of the Welfare and Institutions Code, if the conditions allowing temporary custody without warrant are met.

PC 653.22(b) Among the circumstances that may be considered in determining whether a person loiters with the intent to commit prostitution are that the person:

PC 653.22(b)(1) Repeatedly beckons to, stops, engages in conversations with, or attempts to stop or engage in conversations with passersby, indicative of soliciting for prostitution.

PC 653.22(b)(2) Repeatedly stops or attempts to stop motor vehicles by hailing the drivers, waving arms, or making any other bodily gestures, or engages or attempts to engage the drivers or passengers of the motor vehicles in conversation, indicative of soliciting for prostitution.

PC 653.22(b)(3) Has been convicted of violating this section, subdivision (a) or (b) of Section 647, or any other offense relating to or involving prostitution, within five years of the arrest under this section.

(4) Circles an area in a motor vehicle and repeatedly beckons to, contacts, or attempts to contact or stop pedestrians or other motorists, indicative of soliciting for prostitution.

(5) Has engaged, within six months prior to the arrest under this section, in any behavior described in this subdivision, with the exception of paragraph (3), or in any other behavior indicative of prostitution activity.

(c) The list of circumstances set forth in subdivision (b) is not exclusive. The circumstances set forth in subdivision (b) should be considered particularly salient if they occur in an area that is known for prostitution activity. Any other relevant circumstances may be considered in determining whether a person has the requisite intent. Moreover, no one circumstance or combination of circumstances is in itself determinative of intent. Intent must be determined based on an evaluation of the particular circumstances of each case.

To be found guilty of PC 653.22(a) the district attorney must prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant specifically loitered in an area with the specific intent to engage in the crime of prostitution.

Both the prostitute, and/or the person seeking prostitution services, may be charged with the crime of loitering with intent to commit prostitution under PC 647.22(a). If an agreement, or solicitation, for sexual services in exchange for compensation is made, the defendant will be charged with the crime of prostitution and not just loitering to commit prostitution, which is a lesser crime than the crime of prostitution (PC 653.22(a) & 647(b)).

PC 653.22(a) Sentence & Punishment

Probation Sentence: A probation sentence is a period of supervision as opposed to an actual jail sentence. A probation sentence carries conditions of probation, or terms of probation, that must be followed by the probationer in order to avoid further punishment, including an actual jail sentence. A probation sentence for a PC 653.22(a)) crime is called informal probation, which means that the defendant is not monitored or supervised by a probation officer during the probationary period. Probation setences are available in loitering with intent to commit prostitution cases, but they are not guaranteed. Whether or not a defendant is granted a probation sentence after a PC 653.22(a) conviction depends largely on the facts of the case and the defendant's criminal history.

Note: It is possible to be ordered to serve a jail sentence as a term of probation, as opposed to being ordered to a jail sentence without a grant of probation. However, when a jail sentence is ordered as a term of probation the jail term is usually much shorter than the maximum jail sentence otherwise associated with the crime and the defendant may usually serve his or her jail sentence on work release or house arrest.

Sex Offender Registration: If found guilty of loitering with intent to commit prostitution (PC 653.22(a)), the defendant will not ordinarily be required to register as a sex offender.

Caution: The judge may order the defendant to register as a sex offender in any prostitution case. This is a very unusual order in a PC 653.22(a) case but the law does exist to give the judge the power to make such an order (See PC 290.006).

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PC 653.22(a) Loiter w/Intent to Commit Prostitution

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 PC 288(a)
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 PC 288.5(A)
 PC 288.7(a)
 PC 288.7(b)
 PC 288(i)
 PC 261(a)(2)
 PC 261(a)(3)
 PC 261.5(c)
 PC 262(a)(1)
 PC 314(1)
 PC 314(2)
 PC 288a(b)(1)
 PC 288a(b)(2)
 PC 288a(c)(2)(A)
 PC 288a(i)
 PC 647.6(a)(1)
 PC 647.6(a)(2)
 PC 647.6(b)
 PC 311.11(a)
 PC 311.11(c)(1)
 PC 311.11(c)(2)
 PC 236.1(b)
 PC 236.1(c)(1)
 PC 236.1(c)(2)
 PC 647(b)
 PC 653.22(a)
 PC 315
 PC 647(j)(4)
 PC 243.4(e)(1)
 PC 243.4(a)
 PC 243.4(d)
 PC 289(a)(1)(A)
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 PC 266i(a)
 PC 266i(b)(1)
 PC 266i(b)(2)
 PC 286(b)(1)
 PC 286(c)(1)
 PC 286(c)(2)(A)
 PC 286(i)
 PC 285
 PC 220(a)
 PC 290.018
Lewd acts on a minor
Lewd acts on a minor w/force
Lewd acts on a minor 14 or 15
Continuous sex abuse on minor
Intercourse or sodomy of a minor
Oral cop or penetration of a minor
Lewd act on a minor w/injury
Rape by force or fear of injury
Rape of intoxicated victim
Unlawful sexual intercourse
Spousal rape by force or fear
Indecent exposure
Aiding indecent exposure
Oral copulation on a minor
Oral cop on a minor under 16
Oral copulation by force or fear
Oral cop on an intoxicated victim
Annoy or molest a child
Molest person thought to be child
Molest a child in a dwelling
Possession of child porn
Possession of child porn images
Possession of child sadism
Human trafficking for sex
Human trafficking minor for sex
Human traffic minor with force
Agree or solicit prostitution
Loiter to commit prostitution
Keeping a house of prostitution
Distribute nude images
Sexual battery
Sexual battery by restraint
Sexual battery by masturbation
Sexual penetration by object
Sexual penetration on minor
Sex penetration of minor under 16
Sex penetration intoxicated victim
Sexual penetration by force
Pimping a minor
Pimping a minor under 16
Pandering a minor
Pandering a minor under 16
Sodomy of a minor
Sodomy of a minor under 14
Sodomy by force or fear
Sodomy of an intoxicated victim
Sexual assault
Failure to register as sex offender

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Related Crimes

PC 647(b) PC 647(m)(1)
PC 315 PC 653.22(a)


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PC 653.22(a): Loiter w/Intent to Commit Prostitution, Law, Defense, & Sentence Information


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