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PC 289(h)

Sexual penetration by object on a minor

Information on the crime of sexual penetration by object with force on a minor under the age of eighteen (18) is found at California penal code section 289(h).

PC 289(h) Law (Abbr.)

PC 289(a)(1)(A) Any person who commits an act of sexual penetration when the act is accomplished against the victim’s will by means of force, violence, duress, menace, or fear of immediate and unlawful bodily injury on the victim or another person shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for three, six, or eight years.

PC 289(a)(1)(B) Any person who commits an act of sexual penetration upon a child who is under 14 years of age, when the act is accomplished against the victim’s will by means of force, violence, duress, menace, or fear of immediate and unlawful bodily injury on the victim or another person, shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for 8, 10, or 12 years.

PC 289(a)(1)(C) Any person who commits an act of sexual penetration upon a minor who is 14 years of age or older, when the act is accomplished against the victim’s will by means of force, violence, duress, menace, or fear of immediate and unlawful bodily injury on the victim or another person, shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for 6, 8, or 10 years.

PC 289(d) Any person who commits an act of sexual penetration, and the victim is at the time unconscious of the nature of the act and this is known to the person committing the act or causing the act to be committed, shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for three, six, or eight years. As used in this subdivision, “unconscious of the nature of the act” means incapable of resisting because the victim meets one of the following conditions:

(1) Was unconscious or asleep.

(2) Was not aware, knowing, perceiving, or cognizant that the act occurred.

(3) Was not aware, knowing, perceiving, or cognizant of the essential characteristics of the act due to the perpetrator’s fraud in fact.

(4) Was not aware, knowing, perceiving, or cognizant of the essential characteristics of the act due to the perpetrator’s fraudulent representation that the sexual penetration served a professional purpose when it served no professional purpose.

(e) Any person who commits an act of sexual penetration when the victim is prevented from resisting by any intoxicating or anesthetic substance, or any controlled substance, and this condition was known, or reasonably should have been known by the accused, shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for a period of three, six, or eight years.

PC 286(h) Except as provided in Section 288, any person who participates in an act of sexual penetration with another person who is under 18 years of age shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison or in a county jail for a period of not more than one year.

(i) Except as provided in Section 288, any person over 21 years of age who participates in an act of sexual penetration with another person who is under 16 years of age shall be guilty of a felony.

(j) Any person who participates in an act of sexual penetration with another person who is under 14 years of age and who is more than 10 years younger than he or she shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for three, six, or eight years.

(k) As used in this section:

(1) “Sexual penetration” is the act of causing the penetration, however slight, of the genital or anal opening of any person or causing another person to so penetrate the defendant’s or another person’s genital or anal opening for the purpose of sexual arousal, gratification, or abuse by any foreign object, substance, instrument, or device, or by any unknown object.

(2) “Foreign object, substance, instrument, or device” shall include any part of the body, except a sexual organ.

(3) “Unknown object” shall include any foreign object, substance, instrument, or device, or any part of the body, including a penis, when it is not known whether penetration was by a penis or by a foreign object, substance, instrument, or device, or by any other part of the body.

(l) As used in subdivision (a), “threatening to retaliate” means a threat to kidnap or falsely imprison, or inflict extreme pain, serious bodily injury or death.

(m) As used in this section, “victim” includes any person who the defendant causes to penetrate the genital or anal opening of the defendant or another person or whose genital or anal opening is caused to be penetrated by the defendant or another person and who otherwise qualifies as a victim under the requirements of this section.

PC 289(h) Sentence & Punishment

Probation Sentences: A probation sentence is period of supervision instead of a jail or prison sentence. Probation sentences carry conditions of probation, or terms of probation, that must be followed in order to avoid further punishment, including an actual jail or prison sentence. A probation sentence for felony PC 289(h) is called felony probation and is supervised and monitored by a felony probation officer. Felony probation sentences are allowed for PC 289(h) cases but only in special circumstances. Whether or not a probation sentence is available in any particular felony PC 289(h) case depends largely on the facts of the case and the defendant's criminal history.

A probation sentence on a misdemeanor PC 289(h) conviction is more common and there is no requirement that the judge finds a special circumstance before allowing misdemeanor probation after a misdemeanor PC 289(h) conviction. Also, misdemeanor probation sentences carry conditions of probation, or terms of probation but those terms are not monitored or supervised by a probation officer.

Note: A jail sentence term may be ordered as one of the terms of a felony or a misdemeanor probation sentence; however, any jail sentenced that is ordered as a term of probation is usually much shorter than an actual jail or prison committment and may usually be served on house arrest or work release (as opposed to jail or prison).

Sex Offender Registration: If found guilty of lewd and lascivious acts on a minor under 14 (PC 288(a)), the defendant will be ordered to register as a sex offender pursuant to PC 290. For more information please see sex offender registration requirements.

Jail or Prison Sentence: Oral copulation on a minor (PC 288a(b)(1)), is classified as a wobbler, which means the crime is charged as a felony or as a misdemeanor. The maximum sentence after a conviction for felony PC 288a(b)(1) is three (3) years in state prison. The maximum sentence after a conviction for misdemeanor PC 288a(b)(1) is one (1) year in county jail.

Whether or not the district attorney files felony or misdemeanor charges in any PC 288a(b)(1) case depends largely on the facts of the case and the defendants criminal history. In some cases, it may be possible for a criminal defense attorney to pursuade a judge that the charges should be reclassified from a felony to a misdemeanor.

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PC 289(h): Sexual Penetration by Object on Minor

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All Misdemeanor & Felony Sex Crimes, Including

 PC 288(a)
 PC 288(b)(1)
 PC 288(c)(1)
 PC 288.5(A)
 PC 288.7(a)
 PC 288.7(b)
 PC 288(i)
 PC 261(a)(2)
 PC 261(a)(3)
 PC 261.5(c)
 PC 262(a)(1)
 PC 314(1)
 PC 314(2)
 PC 288a(b)(1)
 PC 288a(b)(2)
 PC 288a(c)(2)(A)
 PC 288a(i)
 PC 647.6(a)(1)
 PC 647.6(a)(2)
 PC 647.6(b)
 PC 311.11(a)
 PC 311.11(c)(1)
 PC 311.11(c)(2)
 PC 236.1(b)
 PC 236.1(c)(1)
 PC 236.1(c)(2)
 PC 647(b)
 PC 653.22(a)
 PC 315
 PC 647(j)(4)
 PC 243.4(e)(1)
 PC 243.4(a)
 PC 243.4(d)
 PC 289(a)(1)(A)
 PC 289(h)
 PC 289(i)
 PC 289(e)
 PC 289(a)(2)
 PC 266h(a)
 PC 266h(b)(1)
 PC 266h(b)(2)
 PC 266i(a)
 PC 266i(b)(1)
 PC 266i(b)(2)
 PC 286(b)(1)
 PC 286(c)(1)
 PC 286(c)(2)(A)
 PC 286(i)
 PC 285
 PC 220(a)
 PC 290.018
Lewd acts on a minor
Lewd acts on a minor w/force
Lewd acts on a minor 14 or 15
Continuous sex abuse on minor
Intercourse or sodomy of a minor
Oral cop or penetration of a minor
Lewd act on a minor w/injury
Rape by force or fear of injury
Rape of intoxicated victim
Unlawful sexual intercourse
Spousal rape by force or fear
Indecent exposure
Aiding indecent exposure
Oral copulation on a minor
Oral cop on a minor under 16
Oral copulation by force or fear
Oral cop on an intoxicated victim
Annoy or molest a child
Molest person thought to be child
Molest a child in a dwelling
Possession of child porn
Possession of child porn images
Possession of child sadism
Human trafficking for sex
Human trafficking minor for sex
Human traffic minor with force
Agree or solicit prostitution
Loiter to commit prostitution
Keeping a house of prostitution
Distribute nude images
Sexual battery
Sexual battery by restraint
Sexual battery by masturbation
Sexual penetration by object
Sexual penetration on minor
Sex penetration of minor under 16
Sex penetration intoxicated victim
Sexual penetration by force
Pimping
Pimping a minor
Pimping a minor under 16
Pandering
Pandering a minor
Pandering a minor under 16
Sodomy of a minor
Sodomy of a minor under 14
Sodomy by force or fear
Sodomy of an intoxicated victim
Incest
Sexual assault
Failure to register as sex offender

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San Bernardino County

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Riverside County

Riverside, Moreno Valley, Eastvale, Corona, Norco


Related Crimes

PC 289(e) PC 289(i)
PC 289(h) PC 289(a)(1)(A)
PC 289(a)(1)(B) PC 289(a)(1)(C)

 


Sex Crimes Criminal Defense Attorneys

PC 289(h): Sexual Penetration by Object on a Minor, Law, Defense, & Sentence Information

 
 
 
 
 
 

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